Milk thistle is native to Europe’s Mediterranean region. Don’t take it if you have breast, uterine, or ovarian cancer; endometriosis; or uterine fibroids. Silymarin is considered an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory. Milk Thistle Liver Detox Milk Thistle Liver Detox is specially formulated to support overall liver health, essential to the body's overall health. Other people have reported a headache or itchiness after they take it. The terms “milk thistle” and “silymarin” are often used interchangeably. If the leaves are ripped or crushed, a milky white liquid oozes out. Supplements & Your Liver - Does Milk Thistle Help Your Liver? Natural Medicines website. Image:ShutterStock. For example, a comprehensive study in 2016 found that milk thistle can improve diet-induced liver damage. Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. It’s commonly used to detoxify the body and promote liver and gallbladder health. Milk thistle can cause an allergic reaction, especially if you’re allergic to other plants in the same family. Milk thistle comes in powder, capsule, pill, or liquid extract forms. Silymarin is said to keep toxins from attaching to liver cells. Hangovers: Because milk thistle is known to aid the recovery of the liver from alcohol, many people take milk thistle before and after drinking to reduce the severity of the subsequent hangover. Researchers theorize that the active ingredient in milk thistle, silymarin, helps the liver … Also known by its … Often considered a weed, it has been used for hundreds of years as a natural, herbal way to treat liver and gallbladder diseases. It may have protective effects on the liver, preventing damage. However, other studies don’t show any effect against another liver disease: hepatitis C, which is a viral infection. Human and animal studies have shown that silymarin, an active compound in milk thistle, can prevent and normalize alcohol-induced damage in the liver … Milk thistle is one of the most well-researched plants for the treatment of liver disease, including alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and viral hepatitis. Although preliminary laboratory studies found that silymarin exerted antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and liver-protective effects, researchers still don’t fully understand why, and those benefits were not seen in clinical trials (studies in people) of milk thistle for liver … You might also hear it called Mary thistle or holy thistle. Researchers found no changes in virus levels or quality of life in people who took the milk thistle, compared with those who took a placebo. Milk Thistle. The milk thistle gets rid of this toxic sludge very effectively, and … Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: “Amanita phalloides Mushroom Poisonings -- Northern California, December 2016.”. Medical research on milk thistle and liver health has led to mixed results. Prickly yet pretty, milk thistle is a plant with a long, thin stem, spiny leaves, and a purplish-pink thistle at the top. This supplement is … If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before you take milk thistle or any herbal supplement. It may affect how some medications work, including. The mention of any product, service, or therapy is not an endorsement by NCCIH. Although milk thistle is most often used for liver conditions, such as hepatitis and cirrhosis, the herb is believed some to prevent or treat high cholesterol, diabetes, heartburn, upset stomach … It also holds free radicals in check. These unstable molecules are byproducts of your body’s functions. ODS seeks to strengthen knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements by evaluating scientific information, supporting research, sharing research results, and educating the public. Background Milk thistle is native to Europe and was introduced into North America by early colonists. Despite little clinical evidence to support the use of milk thistle … CDC health information   NIH research information, Common Names: milk thistle, Mary thistle, holy thistle, Latin Names: Silybum marianum, synonym Carduus marianus. Milk thistle has been used as a natural remedy to treat liver problems, including fatty liver disease, for centuries. Other uses not proven with research have included treating malaria , mushroom poisoning , spleen or gallbladder problems, menstrual problems, liver … Myths and facts about this essential organ. Is This an Emergency? One reported effect of milk thistle is that it can boost breast … Duplication is encouraged. Tajmohammadi A, Razavi BM, Hosseinzadeh H. These toxins lurk in the food we eat, prescription drugs, and even the clothing we wear! But is it really good for you, and can it really help your liver? Milk thistle is a natural herb with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. There have been numerous studies suggesting milk thistle can support different aspects of liver health. This may help ease symptoms … Effect of silymarin on biochemical indicators in patients with liver disease: systematic review with meta-analysis. Some of the studies have been of poor quality, too. But silymarin has been helpful, and at least one clinical trial is underway. It Can Boost Breast Milk Production. A major study found that people with hepatitis C didn’t benefit even from higher-than-normal doses of silymarin. Milk thistle may produce allergic reactions, which tend to be more common among people who are allergic to plants in the same family (for example, ragweed, chrysanthemum, marigold, and daisy). If you are experiencing … University of Rochester Medical Center: “Milk Thistle.”, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: “Hepatitis C and Dietary Supplements,” “Milk Thistle.”, Lancet Oncology: “Milk thistle: early seeds of potential.”, Huntington’s Outreach Project For Education, at Stanford: “About Free Radical Damage.”, Journal of Natural Products: “Silymarin Suppresses Cellular Inflammation By Inducing Reparative Stress Signaling.”, Journal of the American Medical Association: “Effect of silymarin (milk thistle) on liver disease in patients with chronic hepatitis C unsuccessfully treated with interferon therapy: a randomized controlled trial.”, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The NCCIH Clearinghouse provides information on NCCIH and complementary and integrative health approaches, including publications and searches of Federal databases of scientific and medical literature. de Avelar CR, Pereira EM, de Farias Costa PR, et al. Milk Thistle for Liver Health. 4.6 out of 5 stars 5,905 ratings. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. In the United States, it’s one of the most commonly used herbal supplements for liver issues. The terms “milk thistle” and “silymarin” are often used interchangeably. Get it back in working order so it can function at optimal levels by detoxing your liver with a milk thistle … Milk thistle may have been combined with other plants or extracts in a specific preparation to treat these conditions. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Milk thistle is considered safe in dosages of 420 mg/day orally in divided doses for up to 41 months.Milić 2013, Tamayo 2007 One source suggests daily doses of 12 to 15 g of dry fruits for dyspepsia and disorders of the biliary system, while an extract containing 200 to 400 mg/day of silymarin is considered effective in various liver disorders.van Wyk 2004A dose of 140 mg of silymarin 3 times daily has been suggested for hepatic cirrhosis.Stolf 2017S. 170 adult and child patients with cirrhosis of the liver (both alcoholic and non-alcoholic causes) (). The COVID-19 outbreak is a rapidly evolving situation. Its resources include publications (such as Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know), fact sheets on a variety of specific supplement ingredients and products (such as vitamin D and multivitamin/mineral supplements), and the PubMed Dietary Supplement Subset. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 9000 Rockville Pike Bethesda, Maryland 20892, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. We know little about whether milk thistle is effective in people, as only a few well-designed clinical studies have been conducted. People who have diabetes should talk to their doctor before they take milk thistle because it may lower blood sugar. Swallow the capsule or pill with a glass of water. People mainly use the supplement to treat liver conditions. * The liver performs many crucial functions including … Some people have reported nausea, gas, diarrhea, or loss of appetite. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. Studies show that silymarin may help ease inflammation and promote cell repair. The milk thistle liver detoxifying diet uses the milk thistle to help detoxify all of the chemicals and toxic garbage that accumulates in the body. There’s conflicting research on the benefits of milk thistle for liver health. tty (for deaf and hard-of-hearing callers): Email: info@nccih.nih.gov (link sends e-mail). It’s not known whether milk thistle is helpful for other conditions. Milk thistle for the fatty liver can be consumed in a variety of ways. Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle (Silymarin Marianum), Promotes Liver Health, 150 mg per Capsule, 200 Count. These include ragweed, daisies, marigolds, and chrysanthemums. Always talk to your doctor before you take any herbal supplements. It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider(s). Best Milk Thistle … herb native to southern Europe that typically grows over 10 feet tall and has red and purple flowers Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. Usually the supplements contain 80%of milk thistle and some high quality products contain 95% of the original herb. This plant is named for the white lines that streak across its green leaves. | 129 answered questions. Leptin Hormone & Supplements: Do They Work for Obesity & Weight Loss. Silybum marianum or milk thistle (MT) is the most well-researched plant in the treatment of liver disease. The milk thistle extract is usually prescribed to treat mushroom poisoning, alcoholic cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, drug and alcohol-induced liver damage, acute viral hepatitis as well as fatty liver and many doctors consider it the most important supplement when it comes to maintaining a healthy liver. Together, you can make shared, well-informed decisions. Occasionally, people report various digestive side effects. It can mimic estrogen. Milk thistle is thought to exert its protective effects on the liver through the promotion of liver cell growth and the prevention of oxidation and inflammation in the liver. Amanita phalloides is better known as the death cap for good reason. A 2016 … 140 mg silymarin 3 times a day or placebo ↑ Survival rate in patients with cirrhosis of the liver… We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care with your health care provider. Medical research on milk thistle and liver health has led to mixed results. Basically, it depends on one’s condition. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. News Release, University of California Santa Cruz. One of the liver’s most important functions is defending against toxins found in our environment. Charge of your health care providers about any Complementary health Approaches you use exactly the same.. And gallbladder health this publication is not an endorsement by NCCIH Much milk thistle for the medical expertise advice! 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